Thursday, June 11, 2020
Know What You Have to Learn The new SAT Math can be overwhelming with all the different concepts tested. However, the range of concepts tested on the SAT is nowhere what youÃ¢â¬â¢d encounter in the high school textbooks you use. Really speaking, the SAT features the highlights: algebra, basic trig, basic geometry (no proofs!) and lots and lots of word problems (many with graphs). For a good sense for the range and depth of what you will need to know to score well on the new SAT, check out the SAT Test Prep App, which includes over 20 of the top math lessons. It includes math lessons for the new Algebra, Problem Solving and Data Analysis sections as well as Geometry, Trigonometry and Complex Equations. The app is available for both iPhone and Android. Identify Your Weaknesses Amongst the concepts I listed above you are likely to be more familiar with some than others. YouÃ¢â¬â¢ll want to make sure to budget your time so that you address these weaknesses. For instance, if you really hate the whole visual element thatÃ¢â¬â¢s inherent to most geometry questions, practicing geometry is a great place to start. You might even notice that within this subject, you have a certain weaknesses. So if circles really got your goat, start drilling these so that you can become stronger. Then, pick off some other weak areas in geometry before moving on to another topic altogether. Let Concepts Incubate ItÃ¢â¬â¢s a good idea to flit around from concept to concept, sort of like a bumblebee daubing flowers. The idea is that you donÃ¢â¬â¢t want to focus only on one concept and let the other concepts wilt (to continue the flower metaphor). By coming back to, say, circles, a few days after initially studying them, youÃ¢â¬â¢ll find that youÃ¢â¬â¢ll get a little bit better. Take five days off circles. Then, when you come back, youÃ¢â¬â¢ll feel even more comfortable with the concepts you learned. ThatÃ¢â¬â¢s because the brain has had time to let them sink in. In the meantime, of course, youÃ¢â¬â¢ll be able to study other concepts from math and other sections, concepts youÃ¢â¬â¢ll be able to return to after a few days. Once youÃ¢â¬â¢ve revisited a concept several times, you can space out the intervals much more. Remember, youÃ¢â¬â¢ll be doing lots of drilling of question sets containing a random mixture of problems (see Ã¢â¬Å"Mixed practice setsÃ¢â¬ below). This way you are reinforcing these concepts. DonÃ¢â¬â¢t Dive too Deeply This is similar to the concept above. Many think that they have to become really good at one thing; I will be the master of the polynomial! However, on a standardized test, which tests many different concepts, such intense preoccupation with one concept, will hurt you. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s like a bee sitting on one flower all day long. You might get one humongous flower, but the rest of the garden will be anything but luxuriant. You also should remember that the SAT typically tests these concepts at a high-level. Usually having a decent grasp of the concept means that you will likely have a fair shot of getting question right. It is better to prep from range of concepts, then to overly focus on a few. Identify the Different Kinds of Errors You Make I have a bad habit of moving through a math section too quickly and either misreading what the question is asking or bubbling in the wrong answer (I know: silly me). When I take a deep breath at the beginning of a section and say to myself, Ã¢â¬Å"DonÃ¢â¬â¢t rush; read carefullyÃ¢â¬ , IÃ¢â¬â¢m anticipating this kind of mistake. Likewise, you should do the same. Be as specific as possible when figuring out the kind of careless errors you make. That way you can best avoid them. Of course, not all errors are careless. You might commonly fall into a trap or be prone to misinterpreting a certain question. If so, go back and look at such questions. Again, the more specific you can be (Ã¢â¬Å"hmmÃ¢â¬ ¦it seems that on long word problems I spend too much time reading the unimportant stuff and not the part that actually helps me answer the questionÃ¢â¬ ), the sooner youÃ¢â¬â¢ll improve. Learn the Language of the SAT Math Speaking of word problems, the SAT has a certain way of framing and asking questions. Call it Ã¢â¬Å"math lingoÃ¢â¬ . Ã Phrases such as Ã¢â¬Å"find y in terms of xÃ¢â¬ or Ã¢â¬Å"the polynomials f(x) and g(x) are defined aboveÃ¢â¬ . Ã Learning which kind of verbiage causes you to stumble and learning what these phrases mean will make you able to work through questions more efficiently (often, youÃ¢â¬â¢ll see that what might seem like a convoluted or vague phrase is actually describing something pretty straightforward once you look at the explanations). Build up Your Endurance You might follow all of the above, but find that when you take an SAT practice test your focus wanes far before the end of the section. DonÃ¢â¬â¢t worry! This is an issue for many and it is also an issue you can work on. How? Ã Doing practice drills that push your endurance. Think of it like a marathon, it is also about pacing yourself. Experiment with taking 10 to 15-second breathing breaks. Do they help you recharge your batteries? Taking these breaks every two to three questions and they might help and donÃ¢â¬â¢t worry. If they are working, then the time they do cost is easily redressed by the fact that you are less likely to hit a wall, where you are reading and re-reading the same line of text because your brain is fried. Do Mixed Practice Sets This tip goes back to the idea of not diving into one concept too deeply. Remember, the SAT doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t test concepts at a very deep level. It is more an overview of important concepts. The test writers are determining whether you remember the basic gist of a math concept (trigonometry is a good example of this). By doing mixed practice sets, you are always exposing yourself to the same range of concepts you see test day. This is important because on the real test youÃ¢â¬â¢ll be jumping around from one concept to another, in no particular order. Just as importantly, by doing mixed practice sets, youÃ¢â¬â¢ll be able to reinforce concepts and ideas that youÃ¢â¬â¢ll likely have encountered earlier in your prep. At first, of course, much will seem new. You might want to do fewer mixed practice sets. But as you drill and get more concepts under your belt, you should move increasingly to mixed practice sets. Take Practice Tests Each Week Taking an entire test will reveal a lot about your abilities that you might not have noticed by just doing numbers 1- 8 above.Ã YouÃ¢â¬â¢ll become aware of how well you pace, how well you are able to focus and countless other insights. ItÃ¢â¬â¢ll also give you a good idea of concept areas you might want to revisit. For instance, you might have not really bothered with imaginary numbers, but there on the test, on the third question, you saw an imaginary number. You froze and that reaction affected you performance on the rest of the section. Ã Become a Mental Math Whiz Recently, we asked Magoosh students who took the March 2016 test about their experience. One theme that emerged was that quite a few said that they wished they were more used to doing mental math when working out questions. If youÃ¢â¬â¢ve forgotten, one section does not allow for a calculator. While you can work out 1s will give me 1 x 7), 112, 126, 1. If it equals an integer, you did it successfully. If not, youÃ¢â¬â¢ll want to try again. This will help you with adding and it will also help you recognize patterns (oh, I see, 14 x 7 = 98). Another fun game to see which digits between 1 and 100 you can arrive at by using just 1, 2, 3, and 4 only once and by using any or all of the following: +, -, multiplication, division, exponents, square roots, and factorials. (Factorials, which likely wonÃ¢â¬â¢t show up on the test but are nonetheless good for mental math work the following way: whatever number is next to the factorial, Ã¢â¬Å"countdownÃ¢â¬ by multiplying each number next to each, e.g., 3! = 3 x 2 x 1, 4! = 4 x 3 x 2 x 1 = 24.) Can you end up with 99 using this method? What about 100? (see answer below). Here are some other numbers between 1 and 100 to show you how it works. By the way, these are just solutions I came up with. See if you can come up with your own. Remember: no calculator!
Wednesday, May 27, 2020
Frequently, applicants in STEM fields are working on projects that are quite technical in nature. Field-specific jargon might show that you know the language of your field Ã¢â¬â which is important Ã¢â¬â but using too much of it can also make your SOP very hard to read. Aim for the middle road: you want to demonstrate your knowledge, but you also want to make your project accessible to readers outside your immediate area of specialization, and you need to be able to explain IN PLAIN ENGLISH why your work is important. How to cut the jargon in the PhD statement of purpose This is a matter of tone and of consideration for your reader. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s also a skill that will serve you well when youÃ¢â¬â¢re writing grant applications, when (as with your SOP) youÃ¢â¬â¢ll be submitting proposals to an audience of scholars who might work in your broad field but not in your specific area. You need to be able to present your ideas clearly both to an expert audience and to an audience of educated non-experts. This means minimizing the most technical jargon, and writing in plain English. Questions to answer: What is new about your project? How will your research contribute to or advance the state of knowledge in the field? Why is this important? Are you building on previous significant work? How? Are you building on your own research experience? How? What does your project aim to demonstrate? Jargon-busting tips: As you work on your SOP, challenge yourself to describe your main research interests in one sentence. Then in one paragraph. Forcing yourself to describe your interests concisely (even if this isnÃ¢â¬â¢t the final form youÃ¢â¬â¢ll use in your SOP) will help you weed out jargon. Read your SOP aloud. If there are sections you find yourself stumbling over, highlight them and return to them Ã¢â¬â theyÃ¢â¬â¢re probably less clear than they need to be. Give your SOP to someone else to read Ã¢â¬â someone who is not an expert in your field. Can they understand your description of your research, or do they need you to explain your terms? Bottom line Cutting back on jargon, even when youÃ¢â¬â¢re describing a very technical project, is a skill in itself Ã¢â¬â and itÃ¢â¬â¢s a useful one to have. You want your PhD statement of purpose to present your thoughts, experiences, and goals in the most coherent and persuasive way possible. And your personal Accepted admissions coach can help! Check out our PhD Admissions Consulting Editing Services to learn more about how we can guide you to acceptance at your top-choice PhD program! hbspt.cta.load(58291, 'b9609c35-7031-4740-8979-c1058c46d16a'); By Dr. Rebecca Blustein, former Accepted admissions consultant. Dr. Blustein has a BA and PhD from UCLA in English and Comparative Literature. She formerly worked as a Student Affairs Officer at UCLAÃ¢â¬â¢s Scholarship Resource Center where she gained experience guiding applicants in areas of admissions and funding. Dr. BlusteinÃ¢â¬â¢s clients have been accepted to top MasterÃ¢â¬â¢s and PhD programs in dozens of fields across all disciplines.Ã Want an admissions expert help you get accepted? Click here to get in touch! Related Resources: Ã¢â¬ ¢ From Example to Exemplary,Ã a free guide to writing outstanding admissions essays Ã¢â¬ ¢ Personal Statement Tip: Less is More Ã¢â¬ ¢ Statement of Purpose Must-Haves: 4 Tips to Get You Started
at May 27, 2020
Sunday, May 17, 2020
PTSD in Adolescent Bullying Victims Turned School Shooters Anna Llewellyn Currently, the DSM-5 characterizes posttraumatic stress disorder as a disorder in which clients respond with heightened arousal and reactivity to repeatedly experienced or revisited traumatic situations (Posttraumatic). Individuals who have persistently witnessed or been a victim of great violence, such as military veterans or victims of domestic abuse, often develop PTSD as a result of their experiences. A population that has been largely overlooked in terms of their rates of PTSD is adolescent victims of bullying. Bullying in middle and high schools has become an extremely hot topic in todayÃ¢â¬â¢s society due to an influx of high-profile, severe cases that result inÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦In order to understand how severe bullying can result in the development of PTSD in adolescents, it is important to understand how the adolescent brain processes peer hostility and rejection, especially in relation to how an adult brain would process similar situations. There is a large amount of literature on the many unique factors of the adolescent brain. Ã¢â¬Å"The Adolescent BrainÃ¢â¬ , an article by BJ Casey, addresses limbic system development and prefrontal cortex development in adolescents, both of which are extremely relevant to perceptions and reactions to peer aggression. The limbic system is comprised of brain structures that are involved with emotional regulation, reward sensitivity, and impulsivity. The prefrontal cortex is the portion of the brain that is responsible for planning and decision making. In the article, Casey discusses how the limbic system matures at the onset of puberty in adolescents, while the prefrontal cortex isnÃ¢â¬â¢t mature until a few years later, at the beginning of early adulthood. This means that adolescents are unique in their combination of high levels of risk taking, impulsivity, emotional sensitivity, and reactivity to stress without the influence of the prefrontal cortexÃ¢â¬â¢s tendency for planning and reasoning (Casey 112). This gap in maturation of neurological systems in adolescents provides an explanation for their perceptive and behavioral differences when compared to adults. Catherine Sebastien explains in her article Ã¢â¬Å"Social brain
at May 17, 2020
Saturday, May 16, 2020
The major component shared by both ParkinsonÃ¢â¬â¢s disease and dementia is the functioning of neurons, with a then understandable association. Dementia is caused by neuron demise or diminished capacity of communication with other cells, while ParkinsonÃ¢â¬â¢s disease, neurons in the basal ganglia experience deterioration that disrupts the normal neurotransmitter dopamine balance where neurons waste and die. With this shared neuron deterioration, the prevalence of dementia associated with ParkinsonÃ¢â¬â¢s disease is clearly understood. One-third of all patients with ParkinsonÃ¢â¬â¢s disease will display dementia (LeMone, Burke, Bauldoff, 2011) with indicators identical to AlzheimerÃ¢â¬â¢s form of dementia. James Parkinson first described the disease named after him as a motor dysfunction through an essay on Ã¢â¬Å"shaking palsyÃ¢â¬ in the early nineteenth century, with Friedrich Lewy a century later describing atypical masses of protein (now known as Lewy bodies) within cell cytoplasmÃ¢â¬â¢s in the brainstems of those displaying symptoms of ParkinsonÃ¢â¬â¢s disease including those with dementia. Because of the distinct similarities, there has been professional discussion that ParkinsonÃ¢â¬â¢s disease, ParkinsonÃ¢â¬â¢s with dementia, and dementia with Lewy bodies be grouped as one: Lewy Body Disease (Auning, E., A., Aarsland, D., 2012, p. 233). Dementia associated with ParkinsonÃ¢â¬â¢s is frequent, with the occurrence assessed. Those with ParkinsonÃ¢â¬â¢s disease with dementia represent 5% of all people who have dementia, and ofShow MoreRelatedParkinson s Disease : A Common Neurological Disorder1157 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagessays Roberto Garcia d orto in his description for ParkinsonÃ¢â¬â¢s disease. This disease is a very common neurological disorder. Two centuries ago, James Parkinson was the first to describe the disease in detail. He published a monograph, Ã¢â¬Å"An Essay on the Shaking Palsy,Ã¢â¬ describing a neurological illness consisting of resting tremors and an odd form of progressive motor disability, now known as ParkinsonÃ¢â¬â¢s disease. ParkinsonÃ¢â¬â¢s disease is associated with many challenges and complexities. The diagnosisRead MoreIs Parkinson Disease A Disease?1290 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagespatients that are diagnosed before age 40 (Rudolph, D. (2012, April 23). Medication Side Effects Complications For Parkinson s Patients) Parkinson s is known as a progressive disease which means that over time it will progressively get worse (ParkinsonÃ¢â¬â¢s: Overview April 6, 2015). However, it still has not yet shown to be fatal. (National Parkinson Foundation 2015). Diagnosis Doctors who diagnose Parkinson start by performing a physical examination on the patient followed by a detailed discussionRead MoreA Comparative Study of ParkinsonÃ¢â¬â¢s Disease with Dementia and AlzheimerÃ¢â¬â¢s Disease1200 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesdisease and ParkinsonÃ¢â¬â¢s disease. It asks specifically whether individuals with ParkinsonÃ¢â¬â¢s disease dementia will show significant white matter deterioration when compared to healthy non-demented control individuals. The hypothesis of this study states that cognitive decline and impaired motor control in ParkinsonÃ¢â¬â¢s disease dementia (PDD) will greatly show deterioration in white matter as compared to groups of healthy individuals control group (CON), AlzheimerÃ¢â¬â¢s disease group, and ParkinsonÃ¢â¬â¢s diseaseRead MoreA Look At Non Alzheimer s Disease1684 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesA Look At Non-AlzheimerÃ¢â¬â¢s Disease Dementias By Katie Bergstrom, PA-S ABSTRACT: The most common tendency in assessing patients who display signs of dementia is to evaluate them for AlzheimerÃ¢â¬â¢s Disease. This means that Vascular Dementia, Dementia with Lewy Bodies, and ParkinsonÃ¢â¬â¢s Disease Dementia are conversely overlooked as possible diagnoses. Special attention to clinical presentation and the use of diagnostic tests (such as the MRI) and assessment scales (like the Mini Mental State Exam) aid inRead MoreTypes of Dementia1550 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesDEMENTIAÃ¢â¬â¢S Dementia is a vague term used to describe a person that has loss of memory and change in behavior and activities. It goes beyond the forgetfulness and absent minded. It is commonly used In reference to the elderly, when cognitive abilities start to slip from oneÃ¢â¬â¢s own control. Dementia cannot be diagnosed due to memory loss alone. It must be accompanied by two or more interruptions of brain function. Individuals who suffer from a disease that causes dementia undergo a number of changesRead MoreManifestations of Dementia Essay1343 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesManifestations of Dementia Melinda Godfrey GNUR543 St. John Fisher College Mrs. Yowell is a 90-year-old woman who is a resident of a long-term care facility. She was alert and mentally quite capable until about a year ago when she began to manifest signs and symptoms of dementia. A review of her medical records failed to document a thorough analysis of her dementia, but a diagnosis of Ã¢â¬Å"probable Alzheimer diseaseÃ¢â¬ was recorded. What are the common manifestations of dementia? The definitionRead MoreParkinson s Disease And The Disease1336 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesParkinsonÃ¢â¬â¢s disease is a chronic disorder of the nervous system with a gradual onset that primarily affects the bodyÃ¢â¬â¢s motor system. The symptoms of the disease are mainly caused by the death of dopamine-producing cells in the midbrain. Dopamine is an important neurotransmitter that, among other things, is responsible for playing a role in how the brain controls bodily movements. Therefore, the cardinal symptoms of the disease are movement related, including tremor and rigid, jerky movements. ParkinsonÃ¢â¬â¢sRead MoreCase Study : Neurology : Psychology778 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesfrom the family of the 79 y/o male who stares into space, fallen a few times while walking around the house, walking very slowly and appearing depressed. With ParkinsonÃ¢â¬â¢s disease you have bradykinesia, impaired posture and balance. From the objective information provided we have more information to diagnose the patient with ParkinsonÃ¢â¬â¢s disease from the marked rigidity of his upper extremities with shuffling gait, stooped over position, grossly non-focal CN II-XII, tremor in upper extremities thatRead MoreSymptoms And Treatment Of Parkinson Disease985 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesPeople aged older than 50 years, both men and women who have been diagnosed with ParkinsonÃ¢â¬â¢s disease. Justification: This age range will enable us to recruit study participants adequately for our outcome of interest. Parkinson disease with dementia is a disease associated with advanced aging. The study subjects above 50 years of age will enable us to enroll desired participants diagnosed with PD without dementia and allow us to observe them for a sufficient period until outcome with minimal lossRead MoreDisease : Alzheimer s And Parkinson s Disease Essay1508 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesAbstract: Neurodegenerative diseases are progressive disorders that mainly affect neuronal cells and functions, and commonly characterized by abnormal protein metabolism and aggregations i.e. AlzheimerÃ¢â¬â¢s disease (AD), ParkinsonÃ¢â¬â¢s disease (PD), HuntingtonÃ¢â¬â¢s disease, Prion diseases, Motor neurone disease, Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), Lou GehrigÃ¢â¬â¢s disease, among others. Currently, there is no single cure out there to treat these debilitating diseases. However, present therapies available either
at May 16, 2020
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Lifespan Human Development Summer 2006 A Brief History of Attachment Theory The theory of attachment was originally developed by John Bowlby (1907 - 1990), a British psychoanalyst who observed intense and distressful behaviors among orphans in hospitals during and after World War II. Between 1948 and 1952 Bowlby, along with his employee and then colleague, James Robertson, came to realize that infants who had been separated from their parents were not able to form an attachment with a primary caregiver, leading to anxiety or ultimately to insecurity or disassociation. BowlbyÃ¢â¬â¢s theory was also influenced by his observations of nonhuman primates. In the helpless young, he saw infant behaviors geared towards fosteringÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Bowlby (1988) describes a secure base as Ã¢â¬Å"the provision by which both parents offer a secure base from which a child or an adolescent can make sorties into the outside world and to which he can return knowing for sure that he will be welcomed when he gets there, nouri shed physically and emotionally, comforted if distressed, reassured if frightenedÃ¢â¬ (p. 11). Depending on the infantÃ¢â¬â¢s reaction to the caregiver s leaving, the attachment styles are described as Ã¢â¬Å"secure,Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"insecure-ambivalent,Ã¢â¬ or Ã¢â¬Å"insecure-avoidant.Ã¢â¬ This is the infantÃ¢â¬â¢s Internal Working Model, Bowlby postulates, on which all future relationships will be based. Secure infants show a balance between involvement with their environment and the mother. They explore the environment, but as the Strange Situation continues, they increasingly use the mother as a secure base. Initially, they may cry when their mother leaves the room but then, because of their secure base, will usually pacify themselves and return to play. Infants with insecure-ambivalent attachment style are unable to disengage from the mother because they feel doubtful about their secure base. These infants may not be able to calm themselves when their mother leave s, continuing to cry until her return. Even when she does return, they may not be pacified; also, these infants may waver between wanting to be held by their mother and then pushing her away when she attempts to pick them up.Show MoreRelatedSecure Attachment Relationship Between Young Children And Their Families898 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesSecure Attachment Relationship The mother is usually the first and primary object of attachment for an infant, but in many cultures, babies become just as attached to their fathers, siblings, and grandparents. When infants are attached to their caregivers, they gain a secure base from which babies can explore their environment and a haven of safety to return to when they are afraid. Attachment begins with physical touching and cuddling between infant and parent. Some babies become secure or insecureRead MoreFacilitating Developmental Attachment And A Treatment For Attachment Disorder989 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesFacilitating Developmental Attachment Ã¢â¬â The road to emotional recovery and behavioural change in foster and adopted children Daniel A. Hughes, A Jason Aronson Book copyright 1997, Rowman Littlefield Publishers, Inc. 4501 Forbes Boulevard, Suite 200, Lanham, Maryland 20706 www.rowmanlittlefield.com, 2004 ISBN 0-7657-0270-0 Facilitating Developmental Attachment is a book about the theory behind and a treatment for attachment disorder, focusing on children who have been fostered or adopted due toRead MoreFamily Focused Therapy Models Within The Context Of Grief And Bereavement1543 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesimmediate family member. First, this paper will provide a brief background of bereavement, illustrating the stages of grief and potential consequences. Additionally, it will examine the role of family in relation to the experience of bereavement. Next, this paper will explore attachment theory and systems theory and how they can be utilized to understand and evaluate bereavement within a familial context. This will lead to a comparison of two theories often used when disserting bereavement and family therapy:Read MoreAdult And Early Intimate Partner Violence1586 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesessay will begin with a brief overview of attachment theory in adults and early intimate partner violence (IPV) research. Af ter discussing this I will evaluate more research on different topics related to issues raised previously which include controlled studies, female violence, homosexual violence, the role of the victim and finally predictive research. These topics are the focus of this essays understanding of the different ways in which we understand IPV. Attachment theory was originally proposedRead MorePersonality Development By Mary D. Salter Ainsworth And John Bowlby1322 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesMain Idea Attachment, as defined by Ã¢â¬Å"Infants, Children, and AdolescentsÃ¢â¬ is the strong emotional connection that develops between an infant and caregiver, which provides the infant with a sense of joy, comfort, and emotional security (Berk, 2012, p. 264). Between 6 to 12 months of age, infants typically have developed said strong emotional connection to familiar people who have responded to their need for comfort, care, and other needs. While many individuals might suggest that a babyÃ¢â¬â¢s emotionalRead MoreShort Term Psychodynamic Psychotherapy ( Stpp )828 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages thoughts, and behaviors. During our first few years of life, emotions are the predominant form of communication. Having a secure attachment to his or her caretaker is essential to an infantÃ¢â¬â¢s survival. If a young childÃ¢â¬â¢s expression of emotion provokes a negative reaction from the caretaker, then survival is perceived to be in peril. In order to protect the attachment, young children creat e defenses to hide those emotions. Because they were formed in the early years, these defenses evolve into habitualRead MoreMonsters On The Brain : An Evolutionary Epistemology Of Horror Essay1455 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesAinsworth, Mary D. Bell, Silvia M. (1970) Attachment, exploration, and separation: Illustrated by the behavior of one-year-olds in a strange situation. Child Development, 41(1), pp. 49-67. Doi: 10.2307/1127388 Asma, S. T. (2014). Monsters on the brain: An evolutionary epistemology of horror. Social Research, 81(4), 941-968. Belsky, J., Steinberg, L., Draper, P. (1991). Childhood eExperience, iInterpersonal dDevelopment, and rReproductive sStrategy: An eEvolutionary tTheory of sSocializationRead MoreHistory of Marriage and Family Therapy695 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesThe history of family therapy began around 1960 when Gregory Bateson came up with the term, Ã¢â¬Å"system thinking.Ã¢â¬ This type of therapy was a daring departure, from traditional and individual treatment during the 1960s. He was involved in the schizophrenia research project in Palo Alto, California, which had a strong impact in shaping the course of family therapy. Along with his colleagues Jay Haley, John Weakland, William Fry, Don Jackson and later Virginia Satir, Paul Watzlawick, Bateson developedRead MoreThe Effects Of Child Maltreatment On Children1582 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagescare of immediately, but unfortunately for some children these issues progress in adulthood. Maltreated children tend to have attachment problems, their attachmen t can fall into one of these four categories. They can become securely attached, insecure: avoidant attached, insecure: resistant attached, and insecure: disorganized/disoriented attached (Perry, 2001). Attachment theory- informed interventions such as Child-Parent Psychotherapy (CPP) have been found to be efficacious. According to Franks, MillerRead MoreComparison Of Romantic Relationships735 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pagesof relationship quality and patterns of attachment to parents, friends, and romantic partners in young adults. Canadian Journal Of Behavioural Science / Revue Canadienne Des Sciences Du Comportement, 44(4), 245-256. doi:10.1037/a0028013 The article explains how the study was being investigate with parents participating relationship quality and attachment patterns in relationships to friends and romantic partners to test two competing models of attachment in relationships. Rauer, A. J., Pettit,
Edgar Allan Poe, a famous romanticism writer, created a gothic tone in his stories by describing the setting of his stories with vocabulary that helped create the dark plots of stories such as Ã¢â¬Å"The Cask of AmontilladoÃ¢â¬ , Ã¢â¬Å"The RavenÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"The Pit and The PendulumÃ¢â¬ . PoeÃ¢â¬â¢s own foster father, John Allan, stated that Ã¢â¬Å"His (PoeÃ¢â¬â¢s) talents are of an order that can never prove comfort to their possessorÃ¢â¬ . How did Poe create such gothic tones in his stories with only describing the foul settings and wicked plots? Edgar Allan Poe was born Edgar Poe on January 19th, 1809. Edgar Allan Poe lived a very rough life his father left Edgar and his mother when Edgar was barely a year old. PoeÃ¢â¬â¢s mother died of tuberculosis when he was two years old, his foster mother and late wife also died of Tuberculosis while Poe was in the room. Poe lived with his foster parents John and Frances Allan until he joined the army in 1827, Poe was only 1 8. Poe then left the army and started to attend the University of Virginia where he later dropped out in order to follow his writing career. At first, he could not make a good living off of being a writer, not until 1843 when he won the 100 dollar prize for his short story Ã¢â¬Å"The Gold BugÃ¢â¬ . Poe later died October 7th, 1849. Edgar Allan Poe was capable of creating immoral and twisted tones in the writing of his stories by the way he described the dreadful and appalling settings as well as the grim and serious plots. Poe created cruel and unusual tones in hisShow MoreRelatedEdgar Allan Poe s The Cask Of Amontillado1232 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesabout the text Ã¢â¬Å"The Cask of AmontilladoÃ¢â¬ by Edgar Allan Poe, some sources will be used to support the thesis statement, which is Ã¢â¬Å"The author uses irony in the text to illustrate the murder of Fortunado by Montresor, who seeks salvation through deathÃ¢â¬ . Also, there is going to be an analysis on the irony found in the text in relation with the story. To support this thesis, I am going to use some examples from some sources such as Ã¢â¬Å"Literary analysis: Irony in The Cask of Amontillado by Amelia TibbettRead MoreEdgar Allan Poe s The Cask Of Amontillado1054 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesPoe Atwood: Warnings as Clear as Day If a sign says, Ã¢â¬Å"STOP,Ã¢â¬ we stop. If a sign says Ã¢â¬Å"ONE WAY,Ã¢â¬ we know this is a warning and instruction to move only in the direction indicated. Every day, we get in our car and obey the signs along our path to protect us from danger or face unfortunate consequences. In the literary works Ã¢â¬âÃ¢â¬Å"The Cask of AmontilladoÃ¢â¬ (1846) by Edgar Allan Poe and Ã¢â¬Å"Siren SongÃ¢â¬ (1974) by Margaret Atwood Ã¢â¬âthe authors provide grave warnings to their storiesÃ¢â¬â¢ murderous ends. In PoeÃ¢â¬â¢sRead MoreEdgar Allan Poe s The Cask Of Amontillado2043 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesMy tentative thesis states that Edgar Allan PoeÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"The Cask of AmontilladoÃ¢â¬ is the single most perfect short story through a number of masterful techniques in order to drive home the point that the whole story is a confession to his priest in his dying hour. In order to help prove this, I attempted to gather articles mentioning religious imagery within this piec e as well as other Poe works and looked into biographical information so as to have a number of sources from which to choose. The first setRead MoreAn Analysis Of Edgar Allan Poe s Cask Of Amontillado 873 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesfiguratively represents or stands for something else (Mays, A12). In the short story Cask of Amontillado, Edgar Allan Poe uses symbolism to establish the true meaning of revenge behind this story. In short, this story is based upon an act of revenge carried out by Montresor over Fortunato. Montresor lures Fortunato into Ã¢â¬Å"the catacombs of the MontresorsÃ¢â¬ where he carries out his plan of revenge by ultimately killing Fortunato (Poe, 109). The incorporation of precise decisions on the title, the characters namesRead MoreAnalysis Of Edgar Allan Poe s The Cask Of Amontillado Essay1267 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagessignificance of Edgar Allan Poe s style of writing, which commands the use of both death and love most frequently throughout his works, are what really made his literary works become so well known. The nature of death and on questions about the afterlife is usually PoeÃ¢â ¬â¢s main focus in most of his literary works. A woman who has died at the height of her youth and beauty, leaving a lover behind to mourn. Death and Love, these two main themes are discussed throughout Edgar Allan Poe s literary workRead MoreAnalysis Of Edgar Allan Poe s The Cask Of Amontillado 1792 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pagesmind or intelligence; not to be confused with opinion or belief Ã¢â¬Å"(Roberts, 119). Edgar Allan Poe famously uses point of view in all of his writings. According to Gargano, Ã¢â¬Å"An objective narrator is telling a terrible story objectively might be frightening, but even more frightening is a man telling without emotion the story of his own terrible crimeÃ¢â¬ (Gargano, 52). In PoeÃ¢â¬â¢s story stories: Ã¢â¬Å"The Cask of AmontilladoÃ¢â¬ , Ã¢â¬Å"Black CatÃ¢â¬ , Ã¢â¬Å"The Fall of the House of UsherÃ¢â¬ , and Ã¢â¬Å"The Tell Tale HeartÃ¢â¬ he usesRead MoreEdgar Allan Poe s The Red Death And Cask Of Amontillado1595 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages Ameri can author and poet, Edgar Allan Poe, was born January 19th, 1809, and died at the age of 40 on October 7th, 1849. Poe had a horrendous childhood. As a child, he was abandoned by his father, David Poe Jr., and later, his foster father, John Allan. His mother, Eliza Poe, died of tuberculosis, along with his foster mother, Frances Allan and Virginia Clemm, PoeÃ¢â¬â¢s wife. After the death of his wife, Poe attempted suicide out of grief. The traumatic events of his life affected PoeÃ¢â¬â¢s writing styleRead MoreEdgar Allan Poe s The Cask Of Amontillado1401 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesPoe Final Paper Edgar Allan Poe, a well-known writer, even today, was born January 19, 1809, and died October 7, 1848. During his lifetime, Poe had written sixty-six short stories and seventy poems, and his writing was inspired by a dark past. PoeÃ¢â¬â¢s mother died of tuberculosis after his father abandoned them. Then, while living with a foster family, his foster mother died and his foster father disliked him. These events caused Poe to have a particular style of writing and in each of these aRead MoreEdgar Allan Poe s The Cask Of Amontillado2477 Words Ã |Ã 10 Pagesin North Americas when many American authors like Edgar Allan Poe wrote dark short stories like Ã¢â¬Å"The Cask of AmontilladoÃ¢â¬ about the world around him. Dark romantics focused heavily on nature like all romantics did, but it had more of a darker approach to nature. Dark romantics helped develop gothic style writing, the gothic style was like the darker romantics, but it also delved more into the supernatural and in to the mind of the characters. Poe was known as one of the best at gothic fiction. HeRead MoreA Psychoanalytical Analysis Of Edgar Allan Poe s The Cask Of Amontillado 1758 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesA Psychoanalytical Analysis of Edgar Allan Poe s Use of Characterization in The Cask of Amontillado and The Tell-Tale Heart The mind is like an iceberg, it floats with one-seventh of its bulk above water. -From Sigmund Freud Sigmund Freud s topography model of the mind explains that a person s psyche has three levels of consciousness: 1.) the conscious, which holds what a person is aware of; 2.) the preconscious, which stores thoughts and information; and 3.) the unconscious, which warehouses
To do that, they start with the children. The Party makes children devoted members of the Party by telling them to betray anyone for showing any signs of betrayal to the government, including their parents. Subsequently, this also turns them into uncontrollable savages. Winston witnesses this first hand while fixing Mrs. ParsonÃ¢â¬â¢s sink. The little boy and girl continually call him a Ã¢â¬Å"traitorÃ¢â¬ and a Ã¢â¬Å"thought-criminalÃ¢â¬ and shoot him with a sling shot. Similarly, the thought police also betray others who they think could potentially challenge authorities. The Thought Police observe people, even Party members, through the use of the telescreen which allows them to see and hear what people are doing. The role of the thought police is to observe a personÃ¢â¬â¢s actions and take note of anything that resembles an unorthodox opinion or an inner struggle. If they have evidence to allow them to think that youÃ¢â¬â¢re betraying Big Brother, they will vaporize you. We will write a custom essay sample on 1984 Betrayal or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page On top of that, the people of Oceania donÃ¢â¬â¢t know who the members of the Though Police are. As a result, no one can truly trust another just as Winston says: Ã¢â¬Å"It was terribly dangerous to let your thoughts wander when you were in any public place or within range of a telescreen. The smallest thing could give you away. A nervous tic, an unconscious look of anxiety, a habit of muttering to yourself- anything that carried with it the suggestion of abnormality, of having something to hideÃ¢â¬ (Orwell 65). Additionally, Room 101 was a way the Party encouraged betrayal. Room 101 is a torture chamber in the Ministry of Love in which a prisoner is subjected to his or hers worst fear. Room 101 makes you betray whatever human individuality youre clinging to including love, loyalty, or any percentage of hope there is. As soon as a prisoner betrays the source of their human individuality, they are then let go. Individual characters betrayal against each other also contributes to WintonÃ¢â¬â¢s final betrayal. Kind and amiable, Mr. Charrington sells the diary to Winston in Book 1 and lets Winston and Julia rent out the room above his store. Winston is told by Mr. Charrington that Ã¢â¬Å"[He] never had [a telescreen]. [ItÃ¢â¬â¢s] too expensive. And [he] never seemed to feel the need for it. Ã¢â¬ (Orwell 218) He then turns out to be a member of the Thought Police and lured Winston and Julia into his elaborate trap. While being held prisoner, Winston encounters the one person who he thought wouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t be turned in, Mr. Parsons. While talking, he told Winston that his daughter turned him in for him blabbering Ã¢â¬Å"Down with Big BrotherÃ¢â¬ in his sleep. He was ignorantly proud of his daughter for betraying him saying Ã¢â¬Å"I dont bear her any grudge for it. In fact Im proud of her. It shows I brought her up in the right spirit, anyway. Ã¢â¬ (Orwell 291) Sadly, while being tortured in Room 101 Winston is forced to betray Julia. They use rats as a form of torture for Winston until he pleads Ã¢â¬Å"Do it to Julia! Do it to Julia! Not me! Julia! I donÃ¢â¬â¢t care what you do to her. Tear her face off, strip her to the bones. Not me! Julia! Not me! (Orwell 358). Afterwards, he talks with Julia without being secretive to the telescreens. He learns that Julia has also betrayed him too. She confesses that while theyÃ¢â¬â¢re torturing you that Ã¢â¬Å"You WANT it to happen to the other person. You donÃ¢â¬â¢t give a damn what they suffer. All you care about is yourselfÃ¢â¬ ¦ and after that, you donÃ¢â¬â¢t feel the same towards the person any longer. Ã¢â¬ (Orwell 365) As a result of the constant betrayal throughout the novel Winston has nothing to live for. He becomes an alcoholic and has no more individual human characteristics. The Party had made him believe that the memories of his sister and mother were false and also that they were always at war with Eastasia. He was finally like all of the rest of the controlled zombies that were recognized as the citizens of Airstrip One. He believed the slogan that Ã¢â¬Å"War is peace. Freedom is slavery. Ignorance is strength. Ã¢â¬ At the end, the final betrayal is the betrayal of himself. He had completely transformed into a person who obeyed the Party and ultimately, loved Big Brother.
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